• [S3] William C. Browne tombstone, William D. Wilson, Mill Valley, California; William D. Wilson, 9 August 1999.
  • [S15] Evelyn M. Cox and Lalla F. McCulley, compiler, Hopkins Co., Kentucky, Marriages 1807-1869 (Madisonville, Kentucky: n.pub., 1961). Hereinafter cited as Hopkins Co., Kentucky, Marriages 1807-1869.
  • [S19] Funeral To-Day, St. Joseph Gazette, St. Joseph, MO, 13 May 1879. Hereinafter cited as St. Joseph Gazette 13 May 1879.
  • [S25] Marilyn W. Baack, "Family group sheet based upon the Carnahan family Bible", March 10, 1992 (4306 SE Washington, Milwaukie, OR 97222). . Hereinafter cited as "Carnahan family group sheet."
  • [S45] Various households, 1850 US Census, Hopkins Co., Kentucky (microfilmed),, unknown repository.
  • [S92] Wayland Jefferson, Records of the First Church of Southold, Long Island (New York: n.pub., 1935). Hereinafter cited as Records of the First Church of Southold.
  • [S94] Lucy Dubois Akerly, Southhold, N.Y., Town Records, Vital Statistics from Libers D. and E., in theTown Clerk's Office (Baltimore: n.pub., 1987). Hereinafter cited as Southhold, N.Y., Town Records.
  • [S97] Jr., Banks McLaurin, Descendants of Barnabas Horton of Southold (n.p.: n.pub., 1990). Hereinafter cited as Descendants of Barnabas Horton.
  • [S135] Homer Wakefield M.D., Wakefield Memorial, Comprising an Historical, Genealogical and Biographical Register of the Name and Family of Wakefield (Bloomington, IL: Privately printed, 1897). Hereinafter cited as Wakefield Memorial.
  • [S137] Lucy D. Akerly, The Corey Family of Southampton and Southold, Long Island, NY, included in "Genealogies of Long Island Families" (n.p.: n.pub.). Hereinafter cited as Corey Family of Southampton.
  • [S156] Unknown compiler, 1880 US Census, Monterey Co., CA (n.p.: n.pub., 1880).
  • [S165] Alice Ioppini, Certificate of Death 52-073771 (1952), State of California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California. Hereinafter cited as Death certificate.
  • [S203] "Unknown article title", Early American Marriages: Atlantic South, online unknown url, printout dated 1996. Previously published in hard copy (on line: Ancestry).
  • [S204] Social Security Death Index, Social Security Administration). Hereinafter cited as Social Security Death Index.
  • [S290] Charles Ioppini household, 1930 Federal Census,, enumeration district 142, sheet 18A, Ancestry.com T626-212.
  • [S291] Charles Ioppini household, 1910 Federal census,, Ancestry.com T624, Roll 77, E.D. 28, Sheet 21B.
  • [S292] Francis Marion Carnahan household, 1900 Federal census,, E.D. 7, sheet 4B, Image 8 of 15, Ancestry.com.
  • [S317] Peter J. Kuhn, online http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, Peter J. Kuhn (WorldConnect), downloaded 28 Sep 2005.
  • [S324] William James Browne, certified copy of an entry of birth (March 15, 1843), General Register Office, London, England.
  • [S333] 1900 US Census, California, Merced county, Township 3, District 47, image 18 of 40, Ancestry.com.
  • [S338] 1930 US Census, California, Los Angeles county, Long Beach, District 1086, image 7 of 17, Ancestry.com.
  • [S355] FHL film 1279491, East Chelborough Parish Register, (1798), Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as East Chelborough Parish Register.
  • [S370] Don and Jeanne Ross, online http://wc.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi, Don and Jeanne Ross (WorldConnect), downloaded October 18, 2005.
  • [S371] Microfilm, Parish Register, West Chelborough, Dorset, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Hereinafter cited as Parish Register, West Chelborough.
  • [S426] National Archives and Records Administration, Gerneral Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 online Ancestry.com,.
  • [S447] 1910 Federal census, California, Kern county, 18 township, unknown record info, Ancestry.com.
  • [S452] 1920 Federal census, California, San Luis Obispo county, San Simeon township, Cambria precinct, sheet 5B, unknown repository.
  • [S462] Cheryl D. Ioppini, Madera Tribune, Madera, California, 1 December 2004. Hereinafter cited as Madera Tribune.
  • [S499] 1871 census, Surrey, Camberwell St. Giles, Dulwich, District 2, image 61 of 68, Ancestry.com.
  • [S500] 1881 Census, Kent, Foots Cray, District 4, image 39 of 80, Ancestry.com.
  • [S546] 1880 Federal census, Kentucky, Hopkins county, Court House, District 191, image 3 of 30, Ancestry.com.
  • [S549] New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957, database on-line compiled from U.S. National Archives microfilm T715_6282.
  • [S564] Natalie Wheatley, The Swaffs from The Shires: A fully illustrated history of the Swaffield family from 1728 (Woodbridge, Suffolk: Natalie Wheatley, 2003). Hereinafter cited as Swaffs from the Shires.
  • [S571] 1930 Federal census, Illinois, Clinton county, Wamac, District 6, image 4 of 10 online at Ancestry.com.
  • [S573] 1930 Federal census, California, Los Angeles county, Long Beach, District 1086, image 7 of 17 online at Ancestry.com.
  • [S584] Janette Sowter Mannell, "New Zealand Sowters", 24 March 2010 .. Hereinafter cited as "New Zealand Sowters."
  • [S629] Kentucky county sources, Kentucky Marriages, 1851-1900, online at Ancestry.com.
  • [S686] Dean McMakin, online http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com, Henry Gregory of Springfield, information downloaded 24 November 2010.
  • [S743] Roderic A. Davis, online http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~dav4is/…, Descendants of John Brush, information downloaded 27 January 2011.
  • [S744] Lonnie Chrisman, online http://chrisman.org/pedigree/out79.htm, Chrisman Pedigree, information downloaded 27 January 2011.
  • [S746] San Luis Obispo County Genealogical Society, San Luis Cemetery online http://www.slocgs.org/slocem/slo.ioof/,.
  • [S801] James R. Cardwell household, 1850 US Census, Hopkins, Kentucky, population schedule, sheet 164B, dwelling 698, family 698, National Archives micropublication M432_205, viewed on Ancestry.com 23 Feb 2012.
  • [S802] James R. Cardwell household, 1860 US Census, Hopkins, Kentucky, population schedule, Madisonville, sheet 801, dwelling 1437, family 1441, National Archives micropublication M653_374, viewed on Ancestry.com 23 Feb 2012.
  • [S803] Worldfamilies.net Cardwell Forum, online http://www.worldfamilies.net/forum/index.php?topic=7355.0. Hereinafter cited as Cardwell Forum.
  • [S848] Charles G. Ioppini household, 1940 United States Census, San Joaquin county, California, population schedule, Ripon, Enumeration District 39-93A, sheet 4A, family 67, National Archives micropublication T627_327.
  • [S860] Peter J. Ioppini household, 1940 United States Census, Kern county, California, population schedule, township #5, Enumeration District 15-51, sheet 13B, family 321, National Archives micropublication T627_214.
  • [S861] Ben Carnahan household, 1940 United States Census, Clinton county, Illinois, population schedule, Wamac, Enumeration District 14-6, sheet 3A, family 52, National Archives micropublication T627_770.
  • [S933] William Applebie Daniel Eardeley, Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835, online at Americanancestors.org, downloaded 25 August 2013.
  • [S1113] D.B. Carnahan household, 1900 U.S. Census, Webster county, Kentucky, population schedule, Enumeration District 95, sheet 13A, dwelling 246, family 252, FHL film 1240554.
  • [S1144] Omaha Directory Co., Omaha Directory Co.'s Omaha city directory, including South Omaha, 1910, online at Ancestry.com.